Following Oklahoma's survival during the Great Depression

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Author: gsullaway

Jewels found

Some of the jewels found while researching:

Lake Texhoma – Built by German POWs until completed in 1944. POWs housed at Tishomingo and Powell and later at the dam site. – Corp of Engineers website

Garden Club and houses Ardmore – First built Carnegie Library in Oklahoma when its was still Oklahoma Territory, 1903.

Miami Coleman Theatre – The Coleman Theatre (favoring the British spelling) was built originally as a vaudeville theatre and movie palace, by George L. Coleman who became a multimillionaire magnate from his zinc and lead mines in Miami. He realized $1 Mil per month from his holdings. The Coleman Theatre Beautiful opened to a full house (1600 seats) on April 18, 1929 at a price of $1.00 per ticket. Since its grand opening in 1929 – the theatre has never been “dark” or closed. The entire complex is built of steel and concrete. The stairs are riveted like a battleship. There are no posts supporting the balcony, it rests on steel beams – a “floating balcony”. The original 1929 garden scene stage backdrop, as well as the movie screen, are still in place and in good condition. The auditorium is 6 stories from floor to ceiling. The entire theatre was built in 330 days at a cost of $590,000. Today it would cost over $16 Mil to replicate. Mr. Coleman spared no expense when building his show palace. The opulent structure’s exterior architecture is Spanish Mission Revival. [City of Miami Booklet]

The Most Toxic Ghost Town (Picher) –

Joe Shunatona and The United States Indian Reservation Orchestra

Page Memorial Library Building

The Adventures of Smilin’ Jack, by Zack Mosley. A famous cartoonist born in Hickory, Oklahoma and moved around Oklahoma during the depression.

Dick Tracy creator Chester Gould was born in Pawnee, Oklahoma.

Wentz Camp Castle Ponca City

Biographies Collection



  • The Chandler (Oklahoma) News-Publicist. May 1935 through March 1937.
    • The Chandler (Oklahoma) News-Publicists, 25 July 1935.
    • The Chandler News-Publicist, 20 June 1935.
    • 5 Ibid., 29 October 1936.
    • Ibid., 12 February 1936, 24 February 1937; The Chandler NewsPublicist , 7 January 1937.
    • The Chandler News-Publicist, 15 August 1935.
  • Lincoln County (Oklahoma) Republican,

WPA Related

Keith L. Bryant, Jr., “Oklahoma in the New Deal,” in The New Deal, Vol. 2, The State and Local Levels, ed. John Braeman, Robert H. Bremner, and David Brody (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1975).

Norman W. Cooper, “Oklahoma in the Great Depression, 1930–1940: The Problem of Emergency Relief” (M.A. thesis, University of Oklahoma, 1973).

Loren Gatch, “Money Matters: The Stamp Scrip Movement in Depression-Era Oklahoma,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 84 (Fall 2006).

Loren Gatch, “‘This is Not United States Currency’: Oklahoma’s Emergency Scrip Issues during the Banking Crisis of 1933,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma 82 (Summer 2004).

Kenneth E. Hendrickson, Jr., ed., Hard Times in Oklahoma: The Depression Years (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1983).

James R. Scales and Danney Goble, Oklahoma Politics: A History (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982).

Donald Worster, Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979).

“Questions and Answers on the WPA,” Available in the Vertical Files, Oklahoma Historical Society Research Library, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. December 1939

Ware, James. “The Sooner NRA: New Deal Recovery in Oklahoma.” The Chronicles of Oklahoma LIV:3 (Fall 1976), 339-351.

Oklahoma Historic Bridge Sur​vey: Depression-Era Works Program Bridges And Road-Related Resources


WPA Resolution –

FDR Speeches –

WPA in Oklahoma by County

Adair CountyCuster CountyLatimer CountyOttawa County
Alfalfa CountyDelaware CountyLe Flore CountyPawnee County
Atoka CountyDewey CountyLincoln CountyPayne County
Beaver CountyEllis CountyLogan CountyPittsburg County
Beckham CountyGarfield CountyLove CountyPontotoc County
Blaine CountyGarvin CountyMajor CountyPottawatomie County
Bryan CountyGrady CountyMarshall CountyPushmataha County
Caddo CountyGrant CountyMayes CountyRoger Mills County
Canadian CountyGreer CountyMcClain CountyRogers County
Carter CountyHarmon CountyMcCurtain CountySeminole County
Cherokee CountyHarper CountyMcIntosh CountySequoyah County
Choctaw CountyHaskell CountyMurray CountyStephens County
Cimarron CountyHughes CountyMuskogee CountyTexas County
Cleveland CountyJackson CountyNoble CountyTillman County
Coal CountyJefferson CountyNowata CountyTulsa County
Comanche CountyJohnston CountyOkfuskee CountyWagoner County
Cotton CountyKay CountyOklahoma CountyWashington County
Craig CountyKingfisher CountyOkmulgee CountyWashita County
Creek CountyKiowa CountyOsage CountyWoods County
Woodward County

If stupidity got us into this mess, then why can’t it get us out! – Will Rogers

The difference between death and taxes is death doesn’t get worse every time Congress meets. – Will Rogers

“In the first place, we should insist that if the immigrant who comes here in good faith becomes an American and assimilates himself to us, he shall be treated on an exact equality with everyone else, for it is an outrage to discriminate against any such man because of creed, or birthplace, or origin. But this is predicated upon the person’s becoming in every facet an American, and nothing but an American … There can be no divided allegiance here. Any man who says he is an American, but something else also, isn’t an American at all. We have room for but one flag, the American flag … We have room for but one language here, and that is the English language … and we have room for but one sole loyalty and that is a loyalty to the American people.”

Theodore Roosevelt 1907

“May it be to the world, what I believe it will be … the signal of arousing men to burst the chains … and to assume the blessings and security of self-government. That form, which we have substituted, restores the free right to the unbounded exercise of reason and freedom of opinion. All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. …For ourselves, let the annual return of this day forever refresh our recollections of these rights, and an undiminished devotion to them.”

– Thomas Jefferson
June 24, 1826 Monticello

Helpful Links

Adding helpful links I have found to assist my research:

African-American Studies:

Taylor Made Culture Green Book

Should a Former Sundown Town Apolgize  (accessed October 10, 2018)

Edward Carter

Untold Stories from America’s National Parks

Black Past

Tulsa Race Riot WordPress

History – General

Facing History and Ourselves – Educational history site.

U.S. Army History Center

The George C. Marshall Foundation

West Point Historic Atlas’


William S. Key

The Story of the 180th Infantry Regiment


University of Oklahoma State Digital Library – David Baird Collection

Preservation Oklahoma, Incorporated

WPA Buildings of Oklahoma –


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